MSc in Sustainable Energy Systems

Course Information Package

Course Unit TitlePOWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES
Course Unit CodeMES511
Course Unit DetailsMSc Sustainable Energy Systems (Electives Courses) - MSc Energy Systems and the Built Environment (Electives Courses) -
Number of ECTS credits allocated7
Learning Outcomes of the course unitBy the end of the course, the students should be able to:
  1. Comprehend and describe the key technologies involved in power generation.
  2. Specify the requirements for power generation and select the appropriate technology.
  3. Apply methodologies for analysis and design of power plants and basic components.
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
PrerequisitesNONECo-requisitesNONE
Recommended optional program componentsNONE
Course Contents

Introductory aspects for power generation:

  • Principles of fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, combustion and emissions/pollution, and heat transfer.
  • Fuels (Heavy fuel oil, gas oil, Coal, natural  gas, nuclear) properties, availability, storage/transport and applications.

Thermal power plants:

  • Components and different types of gas turbines (closed circuit, open circuit). Basic processes in gas turbines (atmospheric air characteristics, compression, combustion and expansion).  Performance analysis of gas turbines, using simple analysis of an open-circuit gas turbine.
  • Components and different types of steam turbines (superheat, reheat, regenerative and supercritical cycles).  Basic processes in boilers/steam generators and steam turbines (combustion, heat transfer, steam production, expansion and condensation).  Performance analysis of steam turbines, using simple analysis of  superheat steam turbine power plant.
  • Components and types of the combined-cycle power plants.  Basic processes in the combined-cycle power plants.  Performance analysis of a combined-cycle plant, using an open-circuit gas turbine, an interconnecting heat exchanger and a superheat steam turbine.
  • Different types of Internal Combustion Engines for power generation. Basic processes in the reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (Otto and Diesel).  Performance analysis of a high power output Diesel engine.
  • Nuclear power plants, types of nuclear reactors, theory of nuclear fusion reactors. Operation and exploration of nuclear power plants. Materials for nuclear reactors and environmental considerations.

Energy balance analysis and performance characteristics of thermal power plants:

  • Conservation of mass and energy for control volume.  Steady state and transient state analyses of control volumes.
  • Energy balance and calculation of the thermal efficiency of gas turbine, steam turbine and combined-cycle.   Pressure drops in the various components of power plants and effects.
  • Improvement of performance via technical and operation modifications and quantify the associated effects on performance.  Synthesis of modifications related with heat exchangers, reheat cycles and other developments.
  • Thermal-hydraulic analysis of nuclear power plants. Heat transport in power nuclear reactor cores.

Other aspects of power generation technologies

  • Distributed power generation.
  • Energy storage technologies.
  • Environmental pollution, emissions reduction technologies, carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies.
  • Environmental legislation and imposed penalties on pollutant emissions.
  • Economical feasibility of different power generation technologies.

Assignment: Individual assignment performed following the scenario for selection of and design of plant with small power output (up to 5MW) from known technologies, accompanied with energy analysis and assessment of performance characteristics.

Mini-project: Individual project performed following the scenario for selection, design and assessment of high power output (500 MW) thermal power plant, bifuelled with heavy fuel oil and natural gas.

Recommended and/or required reading:
Textbooks
  • Breeze, P. “Power Generation Technologies”. Elsevier, 2005.
References
  • Poullikkas, A. “Introduction to power generation technologies”. Nova Science Publications. 2010.
  • Rolf Kehlhofer, Rolf Bachmann, Henrik Nielsen, “Combined Cycle Gas & Steam Turbine Power Plants”. PennWell Corp. Publishers, 3rd edition, 2009.
  • H. I. H. Saravanamuttoo, G. F. C. Rogers, Henry Cohen. “Gas Turbine Theory”. Prentice Hall, 5th edition, 2001.
  • John B. Heywood. “Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals”. McGraw Hill Education, 1989.
  • Johansson, B. T., Kelly, H., Reddy A. K. N. and Williams, R. H. E. C. “Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity”. London: Earthscan Publications, 1993.
  • Moran, M. J. and Shapiro, H. W. “Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics”. 6th Edition, John Wiley and Sons. 2008.
  • Lamarsh, J. R. and Baratta, A. J. “Introduction to nuclear engineering”. Prentice Hall Publications. Third Edition, 2001.
  • G.F. Hewitt and J.G. Collier. “Introduction to Nuclear Power”. Taylor & Francis, 2nd edition, 2000
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assessment methods and criteria
Mid-term exam10%
Assignment10%
Mini-Project20%
Final Exam60%
Language of instructionEnglish
Work placement(s)NO