MSc in Oil & Gas and Offshore Engineering

Course Information Package

Course Unit TitlePROCESS ENGINEERING
Course Unit CodeMOE504
Course Unit DetailsMSc Oil & Gas and Offshore Engineering (Elective Courses) -
Number of ECTS credits allocated7
Learning Outcomes of the course unitBy the end of the course, the students should be able to:
  1. Explain how the principles of mass, energy and momentum conservation are used as basic process engineer’s tools in the form of mass, energy and momentum balance.
  2. Explain how fluids flow through piping systems due to pressure difference. Use the Darcy – Weisbach equation to calculate the pressure drop through a pipe. Explain how the pressure drop of a complex piping arrangement can be calculated.
  3. Describe the basic principles of vapor – liquid equilibrium and explain the use of the equilibrium curve to design mixture separation equipment. Describe the different types of distillation equipment.
  4. Explain the effect of the design and operating parameters of distillation columns in separation quality.
  5. Describe homogeneous and heterogeneous chemical reactions, the form of reaction rates and their use in mass and energy balances for reacting systems.
  6. Describe the basic principles of catalysis and explain the operation of catalytic systems in industrial units
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
PrerequisitesNONECo-requisitesNONE
Recommended optional program componentsNONE
Course Contents

·Basic Process Engineer’s Tools: Conservation of mass, energyand momentum. Mass, energy and momentum balances. Process Flow Diagram, Pipingand Instrumentation Diagram, Isometric Diagram.

·Basic Hydraulics: Fluid flow in piping. PressureDrop. The Darcy – Weisbach equation. Equivalent lengths. Valves and fittings.Piping schedule specifications. Flange rating.

·Vapor – Liquid Equilibria and Distillation: Vapor-liquid equilibrium of asingle component. Vapor-liquid equilibrium of two components and multicomponentmixtures. Sources for K (equilibrium ratios) data. Laboratory distillationapparatus, flash drum, multi-stage trayed and packed columns.  

·Distillation equipment: Distillation variables: Numberof stages, Reflux, Pressure. Short reference to McCabe – Thiele and Fenske –Underwood – Gilliland design methods. Stage efficiency, flooding, weeping.Vacuum distillation.

·Heat Transfer: Thermal motion and heat. Heatand temperature. Temperature as driving force for heat transfer. Heat transfermechanisms – Basic equations of Conduction, Convection, Radiation. ThermalResistance. Heat Exchangers. Basic Equations. Design procedure without evaporationor condensation. Shell & Tube exchanger layout. TEMA types. Type selectionguidelines. Air Coolers. Fired Heaters.

·Basic Chemical ReactionEngineering Tools: Types of chemical reactions, reaction equations,conversion, reaction rates and mass and heat balances for reacting systems.Reaction kinetics, chemical equilibrium, dependence of rate laws on processconditions.

·Basics on Catalysis and Catalysts. Definitions. Catalyst properties. Intrinsic kinetics. Particle size effect andinternal diffusion. Effectiveness factor.

·Reactor Operation and Design: Operation equations for Batch reactors, CSTRreactors and plug flow reactors. Recycle reactors. Adiabatic and non-adiabaticoperation. Reactor hydrodynamics.

·Reactors in refineries: Fixed bed reactors, fluidized bed reactors, movingbed reactors.

·Catalytic refinery processes: Hydrotreatment and hydroconversions of light andheavy fractions, Alkylation, Fluid catalytic cracking, Catalytic reforming,Treatment of acid gases, Production of oxygenates.

·Process dynamics. Response of process equipment to standard forms ofstimulus and random stimulus. Dynamics of process vessels like reactors,pressure vessels, mixers and development of simulation tools for effectiveprocess control.

Recommended and/or required reading:
Textbooks
  • N. P. Lieberman, E. T. Lieberman, A Working Guide to Process Equipment, McGraw - Hill, 2008.
  • O. Levenspiel, Chemical Reaction Engineering, Third Edition, John Willey & Sons, 1999.
References
  • E.J. Henley, J.D. Seader, Equilibrium-Stage Separation Operations in Chemical Engineering, John Willey & Sons, 1981.
  • D. Q. Kern, Process Heat Transfer, McGraw - Hill, 1965.
  • H.S.Fogler, Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering, Pearson, 2011.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The taught part of course is delivered to the students by means oflectures, conducted with the help of computer presentations. Lecture notes andpresentations are available through the web for students to use in combinationwith the textbooks.

Lectures are supplemented with assignmentsaiming to help the understanding of the taught subjects. Moreover, a laboratorysession introduces the student to the use of process simulators as tools forprocess design.
Assessment methods and criteria
Assignments30%
Midterm exam30%
Final Exam60%
Language of instructionEnglish
Work placement(s)NO