Course Details

Course Information Package

Course Unit TitleENERGY DESIGN OF BUILDINGS AND AUDITS
Course Unit CodeMES530
Course Unit DetailsMSc Sustainable Energy Systems (Required Courses) - MSc Energy Systems and the Built Environment (Electives Courses) -
Number of ECTS credits allocated7
Learning Outcomes of the course unitBy the end of the course, the students should be able to:
  1. Understanding the background of energy conscious design of buildings.
  2. Identifying the role and the impact of the parameters determining the energy performance of buildings.
  3. Understanding the balance between architectural design, building services, operational patterns and the users’ attitudes.
  4. Understanding the balance between the resulting additional initial cost, energy savings and the added value as incorporated in the buildings’ commercial value.
  5. Understanding the legislative, regulatory and normative framework.
  6. Implementing solutions for improving the buildings’ energy performance, both of new and of existing buildings.
  7. Applying energy design simulation software tools.
  8. Understanding the background of how audits have to be planned, carried out and assessed.
  9. Knowing the different types of energy audits and knowing how to choose the appropriate for each case.
  10. Identifying the role and the impact of the parameters determining the energy performance of buildings.
  11. Knowing how the main parameters that determine indoor thermal comfort, air quality, lighting and acoustics function and can be measured
  12. Knowing how the thermal protection and air-tightness of the building’s envelope can be measured
  13. Understanding how instrumentation has to be chosen, calibrated, maintained and used.
  14. Using appropriate software tools for the calculative types of audits.
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
PrerequisitesNONECo-requisitesNONE
Recommended optional program componentsNONE
Course Contents

         Climatic conditions, urban microclimate, solar radiation and daylight analysis

         Energy balance of buildings

o   Heat transfer phenomena in buildings

o   Solar and internal loads

o   Daily, monthly and annual energy demand for heating and cooling

         Thermal insulation

o   Insulation materials and their properties

o   Insulation solutions for the various building elements

         Passive solar systems

o   Direct gain, Thermal storage walls, Attached Greenhouse

         Sun protection

         Natural lighting

         Natural Ventilation and passive cooling

         Thermal, Acoustic  and Visual Comfort

         Indoor air quality

         Integration of the building’s shell, the buildings’ services and the indoor environmental quality requirements.

o   Thermal inertia of the building elements

o   Thermal transmissivity and diffusivity of building materials

o   Operational principles of heating and air-conditioning systems

o   Operational principles of passive systems

o   The impact of the user

         Energy design and simulation software tools

         Types of energy audits, data acquisition and measurements

         Strategy and procedure for energy audits for various building types

o   Residential buildings

o   Office buildings

o   Commercial buildings

o   Schools and Educational buildings

o   Mixed Use buildings

         Design and completion of energy audit questionnaires

         Collection, processing and evaluation of energy consumption and buildings’ operational data

         Measurement and evaluation of indoor climate parameters

o   Air temperature and relative humidity

o   Radiative surface temperature

o   Air Velocity

         Measurement and evaluation of indoor environmental quality parameters

o   Air quality (CO2, CO, PMs, chemical pollutants, biological pollutants)

o   Lighting (Luminance and lighting quality)

o   Acoustics (Noise level)

         Measurement and evaluation of the building envelope’s thermal protection performance

o   Infrared photography, Measurement of U-Value,

         Measurement and evaluation of the building envelope’s air-tightness

o   Tracer gas analysis, Blower door method

         Measurement and evaluation of heating system’s efficiency

o   Flue gas analysis, electrical heating systems, heat pumps

         Measurement and evaluation of air-conditioning system’s efficiency

o   Central AC systems, Room AC, Hybrid Systems

         Energy performance evaluation by computational methods

o   Asset based method

o   Operational method

         Energy certification of buildings

o   Procedures and software tools

Recommended and/or required reading:
Textbooks
  • Building, Energy and the Environment, (Kosmopoulos P., ed.), 2008, University Studio Press, Thessaloniki
  • Solar Thermal Technologies for Buildings - The state of the art, (Santamouris M. ed.), James and James, London, 2003.
  • Energy Simulation in Building Design, Clarke J.A., Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001.
References
  • Papadopoulos M. (1987) “Thermal insulation of buildings”, Kyriakides, Thessaloniki, (in Greek), ISBN: 9789603432524
  • Papadopoulos M., Axarli K. (1992) “Energy Design of Buildings”, Kyriakides, Thessaloniki, (in Greek) ISBN 978-960-343-330-9
  • Casals X.G. (2006) “Analysis of building energy regulation and certification in Europe: Their role, limitations and differences”, Energy and Buildings, vol.38, pp.381-392
  • Miguez J.L., Porteiro J., Lopez-Gonzalez L.M., Vicuna J.E., Murillo S., Moran J.C. and Granada E. (2006) “Review of energy rating of dwellings in the European Union as a mechanism for sustainable energy”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol.10, pp.24-45
  • Papadopoulos, A.M., Oxizidis, S. and Kyriakis, N. (2003) “Perspectives of solar cooling in view of the developments in the air-conditioning sector”, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol.7, No.5, pp.419-438.
  • Santamouris, M., Papanikolaou, N., Livada, I., Koronakis, I., Georgakis, C., Argiriou, A. and Assimakopoulos, D.N. (2001) “On the impact of urban climate on the energy consumption of buildings”, Solar Energy, vol.70, pp.201-216
  • Panayiotou G.P., Kalogirou S.A., Florides G.A., Maxoulis C.N., Papadopoulos A.M., Neophytou M., Fokaides P., Georgiou G., Symeou A., Georgakis G. (2010), The characteristics and the energy behaviour of the residential buildings stock of Cyprus in view of Directive 2002/91/EC, Energy and Buildings, Vol. 42, 11, 2083-2089
  • Anastaselos D.A, Oxizidis S. and Papadopoulos A.M. (2011), Energy, environmental and economic optimization of thermal insulation solutions by means of an integrated decision support system, Energy and Buildings, 43 686–694
  • Papadopoulos A.M. (2007), Energy cost and its impact on regulating the buildings’ energy behaviour, Advances in Building Energy Research 1, 105-121
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Assessment methods and criteria
Lab Work10%
Project30%
Written exams60%
Language of instructionEnglish
Work placement(s)NO

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