MSc in Oil & Gas and Offshore Engineering

Course Information Package

Course Unit TitlePOWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES
Course Unit CodeMOE511
Course Unit DetailsMSc Oil & Gas and Offshore Engineering (Elective Courses) -
Number of ECTS credits allocated7
Learning Outcomes of the course unitBy the end of the course, the students should be able to:
  1. Describe the types and operation of power generation technologies based on oil, gas, and coal assess and distinguish the different applications of each technology.
  2. Assess factors influencing performance of power plants, via calculation of thermodynamic data, construction of graphs of thermodynamic cycles and energy balance of various types of gas turbines, combined cycle plants, ICE.
  3. Describe the key technologies involved in power generation and specify the requirements for power generation. Analyse, design and manage the various stages of development of novel thermal power plants.
  4. Assess distributed power generation and energy storage technologies. Estimate emissions production and environmental pollution and list emissions reduction technologies. Assess the economical feasibility of different power generation technologies.
  5. Investigate and analyse synchronous machines (AC generators) used as the major electric power generating source.
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
PrerequisitesNONECo-requisitesNONE
Recommended optional program componentsNONE
Course Contents

Introductory aspects for power generation: Principles of fluidmechanics, thermodynamics, combustion and emissions/pollution, and heattransfer. Fuels (Heavy fuel oil, Coal, natural gas,) properties, availability,storage/transport and applications.

Thermal power plants: Components and differenttypes of gas turbines (closed circuit, open circuit). Basic processes in gasturbines (atmospheric air characteristics, compression, combustion andexpansion).  Performance analysis of gasturbines, using simple analysis of an open-circuit gas turbine. Components andtypes of the combined-cycle power plants. Basic processes in the combined-cycle power plants. Performance analysisof a combined-cycle plant, using an open-circuit gas turbine, aninterconnecting heat exchanger and a superheat steam turbine. Different typesof Internal Combustion Engines for power generation. Basic processes in thereciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (Otto and Diesel).  Performance analysis of a high power outputDiesel engine.

Energy balance analysis and performancecharacteristics of thermal power plants: Conservation of mass andenergy for control volume. Steady state and transient state analyses of controlvolumes. Energy balance and calculation of the thermal efficiency of gasturbine, steam turbine and combined-cycle. Pressure drops in the variouscomponents of power plants and effects. Improvement of performance viatechnical and operation modifications and quantify the associated effects onperformance.  Synthesis of modificationsrelated with heat exchangers, reheat cycles and other developments.

Other aspects of power generation technologies: Distributed powergeneration. Energy storage technologies. Environmental pollution, emissionsreduction technologies, carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies.Environmental legislation and imposed penalties on pollutant emissions.Economical feasibility of different power generation technologies.

Synchronous Generators: Introductionto Synchronous Machines, Three-phase generation, Equivalent circuit, real andreactive power control, loading capability diagram, heating limits, 2-axismachine model, voltage equations, transient and sub transient effects,short-circuit currents, connection to grid requirements.

Recommended and/or required reading:
Textbooks
  • Poullikkas, A. “Introduction to power generation technologies”. Nova Science Publications. 2010.
  • Rolf Kehlhofer, Rolf Bachmann, Henrik Nielsen, “Combined Cycle Gas & Steam Turbine Power Plants”. PennWell Corp. Publishers, 3rd edition, 2009.
  • Power System Analysis, Grainger J., 1st Edition, McGraw Hill, 1994.
  • Power System Analysis, Grainger J., 1st Edition, McGraw Hill, 1994.
References
  • Breeze, P. “Power Generation Technologies”. Elsevier, 2005.
  • H. I. H. Saravanamuttoo, G. F. C. Rogers, Henry Cohen. “Gas Turbine Theory”. Prentice Hall, 5th edition, 2001.
  • John B. Heywood. “Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals”. McGraw Hill Education, 1989.
  • Johansson, B. T., Kelly, H., Reddy A. K. N. and Williams, R. H. E. C. “Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity”. London: Earthscan Publications, 1993.
  • Moran, M. J. and Shapiro, H. W. “Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics”. 6th Edition, John Wiley and Sons. 2008.
  • Electrical Power System Essentials, Pieter Schavemaker, Lou van der Sluis, Wiley, 1st, 2008.
  • Electrical Power System Essentials, Pieter Schavemaker, Lou van der Sluis, Wiley, 1st, 2008.
  • Electrical Machinery Fundamentals, S. Chapman, Prentice Hall, 2005.
  • Electric Power Systems, B. M. Weedy, B.J. Cory, Fourth Edition, Wiley, 1998.
  • Elements of Power System Analysis, Stevenson, W.D. , McGraw Hill Inc., 4th Edition, 1982.
  • 11. Power System Control and Stability, Anderson P. Fouad A., Second Edition, Wiley, 2002.
Planned learning activities and teaching methodsThe course isdelivered to the students by means of lectures, conducted with the help of computerpresentations. Possible visits at local power plants for demonstration ofdifferent types of gas turbines, steam turbines, combined-cycle power plantsand internal combustion engines. Lecture notes and presentations are availablethrough the web for students to use in combination with the textbooks.
Assessment methods and criteria
Assignments20%
Test.20%
Final Exam60%
Language of instructionEnglish
Work placement(s)NO